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Paris
species
 

P. axialis
The plant is between 30 and 55 cm high. It has 4-6 ovate-oblong leaves, which by base is heart-shaped or rounded.
There are 4-6 green, ovate-lanceolate outer tepals, the inner are yellowish-green, thread formed to line shaped.
There are 2 or 3 times as many stamens as there are outer tepals. Filaments are green. Anthers have tip top. Ovary is green and almost round. The style is short and the stigma has 4-6 lobes. Berry is light green and contains many seeds, which is half covered with a green white spongy aril.
From Sichuan and NE Yunnan where it grows in forests in 700-3000 meters.
 

 

P. bashanensis
The plant grows 25-45 inches tall with 4 to 5 oblong-lanceolate or oval-elliptic leaves that are wedge shaped at the base.
There are 4 outer tepals, downward bent, narrow lanceolate. The inner tepals are thread- to line shaped.
P. bashanensis has 8 stamens and a purple, round ovary. Stigma has 4 or 5 lobes.
Berry is purple, round, with many seeds without aril.
Native to Sichuan and W. Hubei in 1400-4300 m altitude, where it grows in damp, shady forests.

 

P. cronquistii
Grow to 1 m high and has a rough stem. There are 4-6 oval leaves now and then with purple marbling.
The 5-6 outer tepals are green, ovate lanceolate or lanceolate. The interior is yellowish-green and line-shaped.
For the most part, there are 15-18 stamens with pointed top. Ovary is green or light purple, the style is short and stigma has 5 or 6 lobes. The capsule turns red at maturity.
Grows in evergreen moss-covered forests in ravines on limestone mountains of 900-2100 meters in SW Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan and SE Yunnan.

P. cronquistii var. cronquistii
The inner tepals are measuring 3.2 to 8 cm x ca. 1 mm.
Grows in wooded ravines and moss-covered forests.

P. cronquistii var. xichouensis
The inner tepals is approx. 3 cm x 5 mm. Grows in wooded ravines on limestone cliffs at 1400-1500 meters altitude in SE Yunnan.


 

P. daliensis
Grows form 70 to 90 cm high.
There are 7 to 9 oblong leaves. At the base rounded to obtuse.
The
inner tepals are upright, yellowish-green, line-shaped, very lightly thickened.
There are 6 to 10 deep purple stamens.
Anthers are oblong-ovoid, top obtuse.
The ovoid ovary is deep purple. The style is short and the stigma with 3 to 5 lobes.
Native to V Yunnan in forests around 2,600 meters altitude.


Paris daliense

P. delavayi
Grow from 0.5 to 1.5 meters in high. There are 6 to 8 lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate leaves.
The 3 to 5
outer tepals are usually curved, purple-green or green and narrowly lanceolate. The inner tepals are usually dark purple, thread forming, line-shaped and shorter than the outer.
There are usually 8 or 10 stamens. Ovary is green or purple, cone to ovoid.
Stigma has 4 to 6 lobes. The capsule is green at maturity and the seeds are covered with a red juicy aril.
Grows in forests, including bamboo forests and thickets at 1300-2000 m in Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan and Vietnam
.

 

Paris delavayi

P. dulongensis
The plant is from 50 to 115 cm tall.
There are 9 or 10 inverted lanceolate or oblong, wrinkled leaves that are rounded at the base.
The outer tepals, of which there are 6 or 7, are green, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate. The
inner tepals are yellowish-green and thread formed to line shaped.
There are 12 or 14 stamens,
filaments are green, anthers dark purple.
Ovary is green and ovate. The style is short and the stigma has 6 or 7 lobes.
Native ton NW Yunnan at an altitude of 1500-1600 m, where it grows in thickets along the ravines
.

 

P. dunniana
The plant grows to 1.5 to 3 m high.
There are 4 to 8 reverse ovoid to oblong leaves.
The 6 to 8 outer tepals (rarely down to 5) are green, oblong-lanceolate. The inner are also green, but thread-line-shaped and longer than the outer.
There are 20 or more filaments, anthers have a pointed top.
Fruit knot has only one room and stigma have 6 to 8 lobes (maybe down to 5).
The capsule is berry-looking, round-flattened and pale green at maturity. The seeds are white and completely covered by a juicy, orange aril.
Native to Guizhou, Hainan and Yunnan at an altitude of 0 and 1,100 m where it grows in woodlands.

 

P. fargesii
The plant grows from 50 to 100 cm tall. It has 4-6 (3-7 may occur) oval to broadly oval or elongated oval leaves.
The 4 to 6 outer tepals are green, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, narrowed at base into a short stalk. The inner tepals are yellowish-green or black-purple and narrow line-shaped.
There are 8 or 10 stamens, filaments shorter than anthers, which tops are black-purple. Ovary is conical to ovoid. The style is short and the stigma has 4 to 5 lobes.
Growing in forests in shady places in 500-2100 meters in Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan and Vietnam.

P. fargesii var. fargesii - stamens are 5-7 mm and the top of the anthers are slanted elliptical or nearly round .
P. fargesii var.. petiolata - stamens are 1.2 to 1.5 cm and the top of the anthers are short cone.

 

 

 

Paris fargesii

P. forrestii
The plant grows between 18 and 100 cm tall. There are usually 5 leaves, but from 4 to 8 can occur. The leaves are oblong, oval-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, the base flat heart-shaped or rounded.
There are 4 to 6 green, ovate or lanceolate outer tepals. The
inner tepals are yellowish-green thread- to line shaped.
The plant has 8 to 12 stamens.
Ovary purple, cone to ovoid. Berry is green and almost round. The seeds are white or yellow-red, small and almost covered with a swollen stem.
Grows in evergreen alpine forests in 1900-3500 meters altitude in SE Xizang, W Yunnan
and Myanmar.

 

 

P. incompleta
The plant grows to 15 to 30 cm high.
The 6 to 12 green leaves are oblong to broadly oval and 6 to 10 cm long.
The flower
is green, and lack the inner tepals, hence the name incompleta (unfinished) arose. The 4 outer tepals are oval and culminates in a peak.
The style is extended and when ripe it forms a round dark purple berry.
It is a native of the Caucasus where it grows at 1700-1900 m altitude.
Grows in neutral to acid humus soil in
shade.

 

Paris incompleta

P. japonica – syn. Kinugasa japonica
The plant will be approx. 50 cm high.
There are usually 9 oval to reverse egg-shaped leaves that are placed in a wreath.

The white petals, mostly 9,
are also located in a wreath. They are oblong to broadly lanceolate and the flowers sit on a 5-10 cm long stalk. Stamens, anthers, style and stigma are also white, while the ovary is greenish.
P. japonica does not look like the rest of the family, and there is disagreement about the affiliation. It is, in addition to P. japonica, known both as Tillium japonica and Kinugasa japonica. On some sites it is located in the genus Trillidium.
The plant is native to Japan on Honshu. Flowering occurs in May-June and lasts for several weeks - under favorable conditions the rest of the summer
.

The plant requires a moist acid soil in partial shade and is very long, perhaps several years to be established.
We've had it in the garden in around 10 years and must admit that it grows very slowly,
but it is definitely worth waiting for.

 

 

Paris japonica

P. luquanensis 
The plant grows
6 to 12 cm high. The rhizomes are almost round.
The species has 4 to 5 leaves. They are inversely ovoid to inverted lanceolate, wedge-shaped at the base. The leaves
have bright green markings along the veins, so they almost looks like variegated. Abaxial deep purple.
Flower stem is also purple. The 4-5 outer tepals adaxial deep green, purple abaxial, oval to ovate-lanceolate or narrow elliptical. The
inner tepals are thread- to line-shaped and much longer than the outer.
There are 8 to 10 stamens.
Ovary is purple. Style short and stigma insignificant lobed. The seeds are ovoid and completely covered by a deep red aril.
Grows in thickets at 2100-2800 meters altitude in the northern and southern Yunnan (Luquan Xian).
P. luquanensis, with its marbled leaves, probably is the most beautiful within the genus
.
 

 

Paris luguanensis

P. mairei
The plant grows to 1m high and has hairy papillae.
There are 5 to 9 deep green foliage that has a hint of pale green along veins. The leaves are oblong, inverted egg-shaped or inverted lanceolate. At the base wedge-shaped or nearly round.
The 5 to 8 (rarely 4 to 9) outer tepals are green and oblong-lanceolate. The inner are as long or longer than the outer.
There are 10 to 16 stamens. Anthers end is pointed. Ovary is purple, and cone to ovoid with one room. The style is short and the stigma has 5 to 8 lobes.
The capsule is purple and the seed is completely covered by a red aril.
The plant grows in thickets and alpine grass slopes in 1800-3500 meters altitude in Western Sichuan and N.Yunnan.
 
P. marmorata
The plant grows
10 to 15 cm high.
The 5 to 6 narrow elliptical or lancet-shaped leaves are green with white markings and abaxial purple. At the base wedge-shaped.
There are 3 or 4 outer tepals, adaxial green with white markings, and abaxial purple. They are narrowed lanceolate. The inner tepals are threat- to line-shaped and much longer than the outer.
There are 6 to 8 stamens. Ovary is green and almost round. The capsule deep purple.
Grows in broad-leaved forest in 2400-2800 meters in Sichuan, Sydxizang, Yunnan, Bhutan, northern India and Nepal.
 
P. polyandra
The plant grows 25 to 65 cm high.
There are 5 or 6 oval leaves, adaxial purple markings, the base almost round.
The outer tepals, of which there are 6, are green and oval to lanceolate. The tip long pointed. The inner
tepals narrowed line-shaped.
There are 18 stamens. Top of the anthers are purple-brown. Ovary is elliptical angular.
The style is red and stigma has 6 lobes.
Grows in moist and shady areas along the valleys of 1200-1600 meters in
SW Sichuan.
 
P. polyphylla
The plant grows from 10 to 100 cm tall. The leaves (5 to 10 rarely up to 22) are variable, usually oblong to lanceolate, the base rounded to wedge-shaped.
The 4 to 6
outer tepals are green or yellow-green, narrow oval-lanceolate to lanceolate. The inner tepals usually yellowish-green, narrow line-shaped and can be shorter or longer than the outer.
There are twice as many stamens as there are
outer tepals or sometimes more. Ovary is round-oblate, ribbed with one room, sometimes knotty. The style is short, enlarged at base, purple to white. Stigma has 4 to 5 lobes. The seed is covered with a red juicy aril.
Growing in forests, bamboo forests, thickets of grass and rock gorges and river banks in 100-3500 meters.
Native in large parts of China, Bhutan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Thailand and Vietnam.

To
P. polyphylla belongs some varieties
:

P. polyphylla var. alba
has 8 leaves. There are as many inner and outer tepals. The pointy part of the ovary and style are white. Grows in 1500-2900 m in Guizhou, Hubei and Yunnan

P. polyphylla var. chinensis
The plant grows to 40-130 cm tall. There are 5 to 10 leaves. The inner tepals are shorter than the outer.
Grow in forests including bamboo forests, thickets of 2800-3000 meters in large areas of China, Taiwan,
Laos, Myanmar,Thailand
and Vietnam.
In trade is a variety (often
named P. chinensis) which has broad lime green outer tepals and extended golden inner tepals. The central red style is surrounded by golden stamens. This plant comes from the hills of Sichuan.

P. polyphylla var. kwantungensis
The plant has 7 leaves. Same number of outer as inner tepals. Stigma mostly with 7 lobes. Grows in SW Guangdong.

P. polyphylla var. latifolia
Will be approx. ½ m high. There are 8-13 leaves. The inner tepals is slightly shorter than the outer. Ovary and capsule are knotty. Grows in forests and along riverbanks in 300-3200 m in Anhui, Henan, Hubei, Jiangxi and Shanxi.

P. polyphylla var. minor
The plant grows 7-15 cm tall. It has 7-14 leaves. The inner tepals are as long or slightly longer than the outer. Grows in forest regions of Sichuan in attitude of 1500-2500 meters.

P. polyphylla var. nana
Is 10 cm tall. The plant has 4-6 leaves. The inner tepals are much longer than the outer. Native to Sichuan (Yibin Shi).

P. polyphylla var. polyphylla
Plant grows to 30-100 cm tall. It has 6-10 leaves. The inner tepals are narrow, line-shaped and usually slightly longer than the outer. Growing in forests, thickets and grass ravines in 100-2400 meters. Are prevalent in large parts of China (including Xizang, Sichuan and Yunnan), in Taiwan, in Bhutan, India, Nepal and Vietnam.

P. polyphylla var. pseudothibetica
has 9 leaves. The inner tepals often lacking, if they exist there are just as many inner as outer tepals. The anther is approx. 3 times as long as the filament. Grows in forests and thickets in 1800-1900 meters altitude in NE Yunnan (Yiliang Xian).

P. polyphylla var. stenophylla
grows to 35-115 cm tall. It has usually between 8-14 leaves (rarely 6-22). The inner tepals are almost as long as the outer.
Grows in forests and canyons near water in an altitude of 3,500 meter. It is widespread in many parts of China, Taiwan, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Sikkim
.

Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Plant grows to 30-100 cm tall. It has 5-9 leaves. The inner tepals are mostly slightly extended outermost. They are usually slightly shorter than the outer. Grows in forests (cypress, bamboo and others), thickets and grass slopes at 1400-3100 m in Guizhou, Sichuan, SE Xizang, Yunnan, India and Myanmar.

P. polyphylla var.yunnanensis f. alba
Can grow to 40 cm high. The inner tepals are lemon yellow.
Anthers are golden and ovary is "white-nosed". Found in eastern Cangshan on top of Dali in Yunnan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paris polyphylla var. chinensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paris polyphylla var. polyphylla

 

Paris polyphylla var. stenophylla

Paris quadrifolia
The plant grows from 25 to 40 cm tall.
There are usually 4 or 5 leaves, almost without stem, broad, inverted egg-shaped or oval, at base almost wedge-shaped.
The 4 outer
tepals are green and oval-lanceolate. The inner tepals are yellowish-green and thread formed to line shaped.
There are 8 stamens. Ovary is purple, stigma has 4 or 5 lobes.
Grows in forests and thickets in moist areas.
Native to China, Mongolia, Russia and Europe - including Denmark.

Paris quadrifolia
P. rugosa
The plant grows
to 35-90 cm tall.
The 4 to 5 leaves are inversely egg-shaped, wrinkled, and at the base rounded.
The 4-5 outer
tepals are green and oval. The inner tepels are upright, yellowish-green and Thread formed-line shaped.
There are 12 or 15 stamens,
filaments are green, anthers purple. Ovary is nearly round. Stigma has 4 or 5 lobes.
Grows in shady places in NW Yunnan in an altitude of1500-1700
meters
 
P. tetraphylla
The plant grows 20 to 50 cm high.
For the most part there are 4 leaves, sometimes 5, oblong to oval to reverse egg-shaped, wedge-shaped at the base.
The, mostly 4, outer
tepals are green and bent backwards. The inner tepals are missing. Stamens are bright green. Ovary green.
Berry is blue-black.
Grows in full shade.
Native in Korea and Japan
.
 
P. thibetica
The plant grows 35-90 cm tall. It has 7-12 lanceolate or narrower leaves, the base is wedge-shaped. The outer tepals (4 or 5) are green, lanceolate or narrower, the inner tepals are missing or if not they are narrowed line-shaped and just as long or longer than the outer tepals. There are 8-10 stamens. Ovary is green, ovoid to round. Stigma has 4-5 lobes. The seeds are black and completely covered by a juicy, red topped aril.
Grows in forest and forest edge at 1400-3800 meters altitude in China (particularly in Xizang, Sichuan and Yunnan), Bhutuan, Myanmar and Sikkim
.

P.
thibetica var. apetala
The inner tepals are missing. Grows at 1400-3800 m.

P.
thibetica var. thibetica
The inner tepals are narrowed line-shaped and just as long or longer than the outer. Grows at 2400-3600 m.
 
P. undulata
The plant grows 70 to 80 cm high. It has 7 to 9 almost oblong leaves, which by base are nearly round or wedge shaped.
There are 4 or 5 green, lanceolate or
reversed lanceolate outer tepals. The inner tepals are hanging, yellowish-green, line-shaped with wavy edges.
P. undulata has 8 or 10 stamens. Ovary is green. It has one room. The shape is ovoid or round. The top is truncated or cut off sharply.
Stigma is purple and has 4 or 5 lobes.
Native in central Sichuan (Emei Shan).
 
P. verticillata
The plant grows 25-60 cm tall.
The leaves 6-8 (rarely 5-9)
, have a very short petiole, lanceolate, narrowed elongated, inverted ovoid or ovoid to inverted lanceolate. The leaves are wedge shaped at the base.
The 4-5 outer
tepals are green, oblong-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate. The inner are yellowish-green.
There are 8-10 stamens.
Ovary is rounded and almost purple. Stigma has 4-5 lobes. Berry is black-purple.
Grows in forests and thickets in shady areas of 100-3600 meters in China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia and Russia (Siberia)
.
 
P. vaniotii
The plant grows
30-50 cm tall.
There are 5 or 6 leaves, elliptical, or
reversed lanceolate, at base almost wedge-shaped.
The 5 outer
tepals are green, lanceolate, at base broadly narrowed into a short stalk. The inner tepals are thread formed-line shaped.
There are 10 stamens. Ovary is green with 5 rooms.
Style with an enlarged base, stigma has 5 lobes.
Grows in shady places in forests in Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan
and Myanmar.
 
P. wenxianensis
The plant grows to 60-100 cm tall. Stalk is studded with hair.
There are 10-13 leaves, the petiole is very short. Leaves are elliptical to lanceolate, the base wedge-shaped. Studded with hairs along veins abaxially.

The 6 outer
tepals are green, lanceolate and hairy along the veins abaxially. The inner tepals are yellowish-green, line-shaped and distinctly shorter than the outer.
There are 12 stamens. Anthers are cylindrical with a pointed top. Ovary is yellow-green or light purple, nearly round and with one room.
Stigma has 6 lobes and capsule is purple-green.
Grows in forests in 1900-2400 meters altitude in southern Gansu (Wen Xian
)
 
P. vietnamensis
The plant grows to
1-1.5 m tall. It has 4-6 leaves, which is inversely-ovate-oblong, at base cordate or nearly round.
The outer
tepals (4-7) are green, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, the inner tepals are narrow line-shaped and slightly enlarged outermost.
There are 2 or 3 times as many stamens as there are
outer tepals. Anthers have a pointed top.
Ovary is violet and cone to ovoid. Stigma has 6 lobes.
Grows in evergreen forests at 1200-1900 meters altitude in Guangxii, Yunnan and Vietnam.
P. vietnamensis is in Flora of China described as a separate species while it some other places are mentioned as a synonym for P. dunniana
.
 

List of synonyms
Daiswa birmanica = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis

D
aiswa bockiana = Paris polyphylla var. stenophylla
Daiswa chinensis = Paris polyphylla var. chinensis
Daiswa chinensis subsp. brachysepala = Paris polyphylla var. chinensis
Daiswa cronquistii = Paris cronquistii var. cronquistii
Daiswa delavayi = Paris delavayi
Daiswa dunniana = Paris dunniana  
Daiswa fargesii = Paris fargesii var. fargesii
Daiswa fargesii var. brevipetalata = Paris fargesii var. fargesii
Daiswa forrestii = Paris forrestii
Daiswa hainanensis = Paris dunniana
Daiswa hainanensis subsp. vietnamensis = Paris vietnamensis
Daiswa lancifolia = Paris polyphylla var. stenophylla
Daiswa polyphylla = Paris polyphylla var. polyphylla
Daiswa pubescens = Paris mairei
Daiswa thibetica = Paris thibetica var. thibetica
Daiswa violacea = Paris mairei

Daiswa yunnanensis = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Kinugassa japonica = Paris japonica
Paris apetala = Paris thibetica var. apetala
Paris aprica = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris arisanensis = Paris polyphylla var. stenophylla
Paris atrata = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris axialis var. rubra = Paris axialis
Paris biondii = Paris polyphylla var. polyphylla  
Paris birmanica = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris bockiana = Paris polyphylla var. stenophylla
Paris brachysepala = Paris polyphylla var. chinensis
Paris brevipetala = Paris polyphylla var. chinensis
Paris cavaleriei = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris chinensis = Paris polyphylla var. chinensis
Paris crispa = Paris. rugosa
Paris christii = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris dahurica = Paris verticillata
Paris debeauxii = Paris polyphylla var. polyphylla
Paris delavayi var. ovalifolia = Paris fargesii var. petiolata
Paris delavayi var. petiolata = Paris fargesii var. petiolata
Paris fargesii var. brevipetalata = Paris fargesii var. fargesii
Paris fargesii var. latipetala = Paris fargesii var. fargesii
Paris fauchtiana = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris formosana = Paris polyphylla var. chinensis
Paris franchetiana = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris gigas = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris hainanensis = Paris dunniana
Paris hamifer = Paris polyphylla var. stenophylla
Paris henryi = Paris delavayi
Paris hexaphylla = Paris verticillata
Paris hexaphylla f. purpurea = Paris verticillata
Paris hexaphylla var. manchurica = Paris verticillata
Paris hookeri = Paris fargesii var. fargesii
Paris imperialis = Paris polyphylla var. polyphylla
Paris kwantungensis = Paris polyphylla var. kwantungensis
Paris lanceolata = Paris polyphylla   
Paris lancifolia = Paris polyphylla var. stenophylla
Paris longistigmata = Paris forrestii
Paris manshurica = Paris verticillata
Paris marchandii = Paris polyphylla var. alba
Paris mercieri = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris obovata = Paris verticillata
Paris obovara f. purpurea = Paris verticillata
Paris octaphylla = Paris incompleta
Paris pentafolia = Paris quadrifolia
Paris pentaphylla = Paris quadrifolia

Paris petiolata = Paris fargesii var. petiolata
Paris petiolata var. membranacea = Paris fargesii var. fargesii
Paris pinfaensis = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris polyphylla f. latifolia =
Paris polyphylla var. latifolia
Paris polyphylla subsp. fargesii = Paris fargesii var. fargesii
Paris polyphylla subsp. marmorata = Paris marmorata
Paris polyphylla var. appendiculata = Paris thibetica var. thibetica
Paris polyphylla var. brachystemon = Paris polyphylla var. stenophylla
Paris polyphylla var. platypetala = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris polyphylla var. platyphylla f. velutina =
 Paris polyphylla
Paris polyphylla var. pseudothibetica f. macrosepala = Paris polyphylla var. pseudothibetica
Paris polyphylla var. pubescens = Paris mairei
Paris polyphylla var. stenophylla f. latifolia = Paris polyphylla var. latifolia
Paris polyphylla var. thibetica = Paris thibetica var. thibetica
Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis f. velutina = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris pubescens = Paris mairei
Paris quadrifolia var. angustiovata = Paris quadrifolia
Paris quadrifolia var. dahurica = Paris verticillata
Paris quadrifolia var. hexaphylla = Paris verticillata
Paris quadrifolia var. obovata = Paris verticillata
Paris quadrifolia var. setchuenensis = Paris bashanensis
Paris setchuenensis = Paris bashanensis
Paris taitungensis = Paris polyphylla var. polyphylla
Paris tetraphylla f. corollata =Paris tetraphylla
Paris tetraphylla f. penduliflora =
Paris tetraphylla
Paris tetraphylla f. sessiliflora =Paris tetraphylla
Paris tetraphylla v. penduliflora =Paris tetraphylla
Paris tetraphylla v. sessiliflora =  Paris tetraphylla
Paris tetraphylla v. yunnanensis = Paris tetraphylla
Paris trifolia = Paris quadrifolia
Paris undulatis = Paris undulata
Paris verticillata f. purpurea = Paris verticillata
Paris verticillata f. viridis = Paris verticillata
Paris verticillata subsp. manshurica = Paris verticillata  
Paris verticillata var. manshurica = Paris verticillata
Paris verticillata var. nigra =Paris verticillata
Paris verticillata var. obovata = Paris verticillata
Paris verticillata var. setchuensis = Paris verticillata
Paris violacea = Paris mairei
Paris wercieri = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Paris yakusimensis = Paris tetraphylla
Paris yunnanensis = Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis
Trillidium japonica = Paris japonica
Trillium japonica =
Paris japonica
 

 

 

Paris sp. (polyphylla var.?)

 

 

 

Paris sp.

 

 

 

Paris sp.