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Lilium
description of species
 

L. amoenum
The plant grows 15-30 cm tall. The bulb is consists of white, ovate to lanceolate scales.
The flower (one per peduncle)
is pink to purple with red spots. It is nodding, bell-shaped and fragrant.
The petals are slightly reflexed and the inner one is slightly wider than the outer.
Blooms in June.
A. amoenum is native to Yunnan in China, where it grows in the forest / mountain gorges in an altitude of 1800-3000 metre
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L. bulbiferum
The bulb is globose and consists of white scale tinged with rose.  The plant grows 60-120 cm tall.
There are 1 to 5, rarely up to 20 flowers in a dense raceme.
Petals are yellow-orange with brown spots, often darker outwards the tip.
Flowers in May-June.
It is native to the middle Europe, especial in The Alps where it grows in grassy slopes and open forests.
 
L. bakerianum
The bulb consists of white ovate to lanceolate scales. The plant grows 60-100 cm tall.
The flowers (1-6) are nodding or horizontal, bell-shaped and fragrant. The petals are white, greenish, pink, yellow or purple, often with purple or red spots. The inner petals are a little broader than the outer
Native to China in Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan. It grows in grassy pine forests in an altitude of 1.500-3.800 metre.
Flowers in June-September.
Of varieties include:
L. bakerianum var. bakerianum has white petals with dark spots.
L. bakerianum var. aureum has yellow petals with purple or red-purple spots. Grows in an altitude of 2.000-2.500 metre.
Lilium bakerianum  var. delavayi has yellowish or light green petals with purple or clear red spots. Grows in an altitude of 2.500-3.800 metres.
L. bakerianum var. rubrum has red-purple or pink petals with purple or red spots. Grows in an altitude of 1.500-2.000 metre.
L. bakerianum var. yunnanense has white or light pink petals without spots. Grows in an altitude of 2.000-2.800 metre.
 
L. canadense
The bulb mostly are yellowish, it is rhizom-like and stoloniferous.
The plant grows to 180 cm tall. It has 1-17 flowers in a raceme. The flowers are hanging, bell-shaped, not fragrant.
The petals are yellowish changing to dusty red toward the tip.
The colours also can be red and pale red, or orange and yellow-orange. The sports are red-brown.
Bloom from June to the beginning of August.
It is native from Alabama to Canada, where it grows in moist grassy areas, moist fertile forests and by streams and rivers in an altitude of 0-1.400 metre.
L. canadense var. coccineum has dark red flowers with yellow centre and more spots.
L. canadense var. editorum has redder and bigger spots. Grows in dryer areas.

L. canadense var. rubrum
has deep orange-red flowers with dark spots and yellow entrance.
Lilium canadense
Lilium canadense var. rubrum

L. cernuum
The bulb is ovoid, and consists of oblong to ovoid white scales.
The plant grows to 65 cm tall.
The flower - 1 or 2 to 6 in a raceme - are nodding and fragrant.
The petals are pale purple, rose-violet or clear violet with deep purple spots adaxial. They are strongly back bent in turban form.
Flowers in July.
Native to Korea (Liaoning) and Russia (Primorskiy Kray) where it grows in grassy slopes and forest thicket.

L. cernuum var. album
has pure white flowers.

 

Lilium cernuum
Lilium cernuum 'Album'
L. duchartrei
The bulb is ovoid and consists of white ovate to lanceolate scales, and is stoloniferous.
The plant grows from 50 to 150 cm tall.
The flowers are nodding and have a pleasent scent. The 1 to 12 flowers are placed in an umbel. The petals are strongly back bent in turban form.
The flower is white with redpurple spots.
Bloom in July-August.
Native to China in Gansu, Hubei and Sichuan, where it grows in forest edges and grassy slopes in an altitude of 1.500-3.800 m.
It is closely related to L. lankongense and some botanist think it is the same species.
L. duchartrei var. farreri is white without spots.
 

Lilium duchartrei

L. fargesii
The bulb is ovoid and consists of white lanceolate scales.
The plant grows from 20 to 70 cm tall.
The flower - one or several in a raceme - are nodding.
The lanceolate petals are greenish-white with dense purple or brown-purple spots and back bent.
Bloom in July-August.
Native to China in Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan and Yunnan, where it grows in wooded slopes in an altitude of 1.400-2.300 metre.

Lilium fargesii
L. formosanum
The bulb is globose to elliptic, and consists of ovate to lanceolate scales. The scales are white or with a tinge of yellow.
The plant grows from 20 to 200 cm tall.
Mostly there are one to three flowers - in culture sometimes more - and they are placed i a half-umbel. They are horizontal, scented, and funnel shaped.
The petals are pure white with purple tinged abaxial. The outer surface has purple stripes.
Native to Taiwan, where it grows in grassy areas in an altitude of  0-3.500 m.
Need a little protection agains frost in the winter.

L. formosanum var. pricei
(= var. formosanum)
L. formosanum var. microphyllum is smaller in every way.
 

 

Lilium formosanum var. pricei

L. henricii
The bulb is ovoid til globose, and consists of broad lanceolate scales - white tinged with red.
The plant grows from 60 to 140 cm tall.
The flowers - 1 to 6 in a raceme - are open bell-shaped and horizontal.
The petals are pure white with a big red-purple stain adaxial, sometimes with spots in the same colour, and sometimes purple tinged abaxial. They are oblong to lanceolate.
Blooms in June-July.
Native to China in Sichuan and Yunnan, where it grows in mixed forest in an altitude of 2.800 m.
It is the lily which is closest  related to  Nomocharis.
L. henricii var. henricii has no spots besides the dark stain in the middle.
L. henricii var. maculatum has extra spots.
 
L. henryi
The bulb is globose, 10 cm in diameter, and consists of white oblong scales.
The plant grows from 100 to 200 cm tall.
The flowers (normal 2 to 12, but in culture maybe 20) are placed in a raceme. They are horizontal and have a diameter up to 12 cm.
The petals are back bent, orange with few black spots, and sometimes vith a green stripe. Nectary is fringed.
Native to China in Guizhou, Hubei and Jiangxi,  where it grows in ravines in 700-1.000 metre.
L. henryi has been an important species, namely for the Aurelian-hybrids. Another beautiful hybrid is
'Black Beauty'
with the dark purple turban shaped flowers. It is breed in 1957 by crossing with L. speciosum.
L. henryi var. citrinum has lemon-yellow flowers.
 

Lilium henryi

L. lancifolium - syn L. tigrinum
The bulb is globose and consists of lanceolate white to yellowish-white scales.
The plant is 40 to 100 cm tall.
The 3-20 - or more - flowers are placed in a raceme. They are horizontal to nodding, vermilion or orange with dark purple spots.
Native to China and NE America, where it grows in grassy areas in loamy soil.
The plant maybe is better known as 'Tigerlily'. It has edible bulbs, and the species has been in culture in China in several centuries.
It has been intensiv used in breeding and is an importent part of the 'Midcentery-Hybriderne'.
L. lancifolium var. flaviflorum has lemon-yellow flowers.
L. lancifolium var. plenescens is a smaller variety with double petals. .
L. lancifolium var. splendens is bigger and more robust in every way.
 

Lilium lancifolium

L. lankongense
The bulb is ovoid to globose and consists of white lanceolate to ovate scales. It is stoloniferous.
The plant is 40 to 150 cm tall. Often it grows horizontal in the beginning, but will straighten later.
The flower - 1 to 15 in a raceme - are nodding and fragrant.
The pink petals are strongly back bent, and have deep red spots. They get a darker colour by "age".
Bloom in June-July.
It is native to China in SE Zizang and NW Yunnan where it grows in alpine grassy areas in an altitude of 1.800-3.200 m.
It is closely related to L. duchartrei and some botanist think it is the same species.
 

Lilium lankongense

L. lophophorum
The bulb is almost ovoid and consists of quite loose lanceolate white scales.
The plant is 10 to 45 cm tall.
Mostly there is only one flower, but now and then 2 or 3. The flower is nodding.
The petals are yellow, pale yellow ore rarely pink. They are with or without red-purple spots, lanceolate, and often the flower doesn't open entirely. It looks like the tips of the petals are glued together.
Bloom in May-June. It is native to China in Sichuan, Xizang and Yunnan, where it grows in forests, gorges covered with shrub and alpine grassy areas in an altitude of 2.500-4.500 metre.

L. lophophorum var. lophophorum has (almost) unspotted petals.
L. lophophorum var. linearifolium has petals with conspicuous red-purple spots. The leaves are more linear. It is native to NW Yunnan.
 

Lilium lophophorum

L. mackliniae
The bulb is globose and consists of creamy white scales.
The plant is 40 to 90 cm tall.
The flower - one single or five in a raceme - is nodding bell-shaped and 7 cm in diameter.
The petals are white to slightly purple or purple tinged, obovate to lanceolate.
Blooms in June-July.
Native to Bangladesh.
Lilium mackliniae
L. martagon
The bulb is ovoid til globose and consists of yellow scales.
The plant is 60 to 120 cm tall, in culture up to 180 cm tall.
The flower - 1 to 5, in culture up to 20 - is placed in a raceme. They are nodding, shining and has an unpleasant scent.
The petals are strongly back bent in turban form. They are pink to dark red with purple spots.
Blooms in June-August.
L. martagon is native to a very big area from Europe to China. It grows in open forests in grassy areas up to 2.300 metre.
L. martagon var. album has white flowers.
L. martagon var. cattaniae has dark red-brown flowers.
L. martagon var. pilosiusculum has red-purple speckled flowers.
L. martagon flora plena has filled flowers.
Lilium martagon
Lilium martagon flora plena
L. nanum
The bulb is oblong and cinsists of white scales.
The plant is 10 to 40 cm tall.
The flower (only one stalk) is nodding and bell-shaped.
The petals are pale purple, red-purple or yellow, rarely white and besides are found at least one blue clone with or without purple spots.
Blooms in June.
It is native to China, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal and Sikkim. Grows in forest edge, thicket, grassy slopes and alpine grassy areas in an altitude of 3.500 to 4.500 m.

L. nanum var. nanum
has flowers in purple shades or white with purple spots.
L. nanum var. flavidum
has yellow flowers without spots.
 

Lilium nanum

L. nepalense
The bulb is globose to oblong and consists of white scales. Older bulbs have purple scales.
The plant is 40 to 120 cm tall.
The flowers sit in a raceme. The normal is one to five per stalk. They are trumpet-shaped and have a sweet scent - like honey.
The petals are back bent, pale green, emerald-green or lemon-yellow, rarely orange-yellow. The flower has a purple funnel.
It is native to China, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Sikkim where it grows in shrubbery i mixed open forests in 2.000 -3.000 metre.
L. nepalense is said to be medium hardy and require protection against frost. Our own experience rather is that it is the winter wet it must be protected against.
L. nepalense var. concolor has lemon-yellow flowers without dark funnel.

L. nepalense var. robustum
is bigger and stronger in every ways including colour. Probably it is this variety we have in the garden, and the photo shows.
 

 

Lilium nepalense

L. oxypetalum
The bulbs are small and white, and the plant is around 30 cm tall.
The1 to 2 flowers are nodding and bell-shaped.
The petals are purple-green or purple-pink with or without small purple spots. The filaments are green.
It is native to the Himalaya area where it prefer a cool place in 3.000-4.000 metre.
Bloom in June.
L. oxypetalum var. oxypetalum has yellow-greenish flowers

L. oxypetalum var. insigne has purple-green or purple-pink flowers.
 

Lilium oxypetalum var. insigne

L. pardalinum
The bulb is rhizom-liking, and sometimes the scales are almost undivided. The plant is up to 2.8 m tall.
The 1-28 flowers are placed in a raceme. They are turban-shaped. The petals are yellow, yellow-orange or orange at base, dark-orange to red-orange to red toward the tip and with red-brown spots.
It is native to California and Oregon.
Flowers in July to middle August.
There are 5 subspecies of which a classification needs a longer description, and shall just be mentioned:
L. pardalinum subsp. pardalinum
L. pardalinum subsp. pitkiense
L. pardalinum subsp. shastense

L. pardalinum subsp. vollmerii
L. pardalinum subsp. wigginsii
 

 

 

Lilium pardalinum

L. parryi
The bulb is rhizom-liking, undivided with interconnected scales. The plant grows to 1.9 m tall.
The 1 to 13 flowers are sitting in a raceme, and open just before twilight. They are horizontal or nodding, funnel-shaped and strongly scented.
The petals are bright yellow with scattered insignificant red-brown spots.
Flowers in July and August.
Native to Arizona and California where it grows in meadows near streams and in low evergreen forests in 1.300-2.600 metre.
 
L. pumilum
The bulb is ovoid to globose and consists of white ovate scales. The plant is from 15 to 60 cm tall.
1 to 20 flowers are places in a raceme. They are nodding and shining.
The petals are back bent, clear red, mostly unspotted or with few sports near base.
Blooms in July-August.
Native to China, Korea, Mongolia and Russia.
Grows in edge of the wood and grassy slopes in 400 to 2.600 metre.

Lilium pumilum
L. pyrenaicum
The bulb is globose and the plant is 40 to 120 cm tall.
There are one to two or more flowers in a raceme. They are nodding and give off an unpleasant smell.
The petals are strongly back bent in turban-shape. They are light to greenish yellow with black spots and stripes. Blooms in May-June.
It is native to SW Europe and it is easy to grow in fertil soil.
L. pyrenaicum subsp. carniolicum has yellow to deep red flowers with or without dark spots. It is often named as L. carniolicum, but it is a subspecies of L. pyrenaicum.
L. pyrenaicum subsp. ponticum has deep yellow flowers with a dark blot near base and dark brown spots.
L. pyrenaicum var. albanicum is smaller and has golden-yellow flowers with bright red pollen.
L. pyrenaicum var. jankae has bright yellow flowers with black spots near base.

L. pyrenaicum var. rubrum
has orange-red flowers with brown spots.
 

Lilium pyrenaicum var. rubrum

L. speciosum
The bulb is ovoid to globose and consists of white lanceolate scales. The plant is 60 to 180 cm tall.
The 1 to 5 flowers (in culture up to15 or more) forms a raceme. They are nodding and fragrant.
The petals are strongly back bent in turban-shape, white tinged with bright to dark pink or purple, and purple spots and papilla.
It is native to the Japanese islands Kyushu and Shikoku, and also to Taiwan and China. It grows in most grassy areas in forests.
L. speciosum has been used intensively in the breeding of new sorts.
It flowers late - our own often i October-November.
L. speciosum var. album has white flowers with tinged green at base.
L. speciosum var. gloriosoides is a beautiful and fine variety from Taiwan and China. It is white with scarlet and purple spots.
L. speciosum var. kraetzeri has white petals with green central stripes.

L. speciosum var. rubrum
has deep purple to pink flowers.
 

Lilium speciosum var. rubrum

L. sempervivoideum
The bulb is globose and consists of white lanceolate scales.
The plant is 20 to 30 cm tall.
There is only one flower per stalk.Tthe flowers are bell-shaped.
The petals are white with red-purple spots. The inner petals are a little broader than the outer.
Flowers in June.
It is native to China in Sichuan and Yunnan, where it grows in grassy slopes in 2.400-2.600 metre.